I’ve seen lots of people getting confused by the distinction between coloration correction and coloration grading. This contains myself once I first began getting an increasing number of concerned in movies and filmmaking. As soon as I understood the distinction, I began actually being attentive to a movies coloration scheme and variations within the coloration because the movie progressed.
To sum up the distinction, coloration correction is the act of modifying the colour of footage to make all the things match up. Color Grading is the act of modifying the scenes to have a sure coloration tone to convey an emotion, present adjustments, or to suggest one thing particular not directly.
Color Correction: As talked about, coloration correction is modifying the colour of footage to make all the things match. The explanation for this is because of many different components. Most significantly is as a result of movies are shot over a span of many days/nights. Even one scene may very well be shot over the span of a number of days. As you possibly can think about, every day may look barely completely different and these variations would make it apparent the scene was not shot collectively and never look seamless. At some point may very well be shiny and sunny whereas the subsequent may very well be overcast. These two several types of days come throughout very drastically on movie. Color correction is utilized in the course of the modifying course of to change the colours of the scenes to look as if they had been shot on the identical time. This may be accomplished by reducing the brightness of the intense and sunny day whereas additionally mentioning the sunshine barely on the overcast day. Quite a lot of care needs to be taken to not go too far with one over the opposite and attempt to meet within the center. This might result in scenes which can be too shiny and “blown out”. Going from shiny to darker many instances is far simpler than going from darkish to shiny.
The primary purpose for that is that the digicam doesn’t see as a lot element in darker scenes to make them shiny. A shiny scene may be made to appear to be an evening scene pretty simple (referred to as day for evening). That is accomplished in motion pictures quite a bit. I’ve seen an instance of this in American Pie when the fellows are driving by way of city in the course of the evening time with their lights on. This was shot in the course of the day they usually lowered the brightness to make it appear to be evening. A means you possibly can discover this typically is by noticing the element in your complete body. A real evening scene sometimes would have shiny areas with some darkish areas outdoors of the realm of focus. A day scene shot to be evening would have nearly your complete scene with the identical element and lighting.
Color Grading: Color grading is modifying scenes to have a sure coloration tone. This may be accomplished for quite a few causes from conveying an emotion or signify a change. The concept is to take the unique footage and add sure coloration parts to your complete scene. An instance is a scene that has a blue tint to it to convey a clear look or a melancholy feeling. An obvious movie instance is in Steven Soderbergh’s movie Site visitors. The movie follows a couple of storylines in parallel. Every storyline has a really distinct coloration tone to it.
One is a blue tint, one other is extra of an orange tint. This makes it simple to note which storyline we’re experiencing. Granted, it’d solely be subconsciously, however it’s one thing that makes it simpler to observe. Many instances, the set may be modified in anticipation of realizing the colour that will likely be used. For example, sure furnishings and lamps of a sure coloration will likely be positioned within the scene as a result of it’ll look higher with the colour that will likely be added to the scene in post-production (movie modifying). A terrific instance of the pattern of utilizing colours may be discovered within the under hyperlink. This exhibits an image of the define view of the movie Black Hawk Down. As you possibly can see, because the movie progresses, the colour grading is barely completely different. It’s constant for a lot of scenes, then step by step adjustments to a different coloration for some time.
Lastly, one other, more moderen, use of coloration grading is to make digital motion pictures look extra like they had been shot on movie. Lighting is an enormous a part of this course of, however coloration grading additionally has a huge effect on giving the film a movie look versus the digital dwelling film really feel. If an impartial filmmaker doesn’t manage to pay for for lots of lights, they might rely extra on coloration grading to make their movie look extra “regular” to somebody.
I hope this text has helped to grasp the distinction between coloration correction and coloration grading. I additionally hope it’ll open eyes to using coloration in movies which could be a very highly effective instrument to convey a message.