In as we speak’s Spanish grammar lesson, we are going to cowl the subject of learn how to use Después/ Después de que (After) – Antes/ Antes de que (Earlier than) in Spanish. There are a lot of issues that confuse learners when studying Spanish. Maintaining observe of the whole lot you discovered is difficult to do in case you are not consistently practising and placing the language in use. One tough high for newbie college students is using Después/ Después de que (After) – Antes/ Antes de que (Earlier than).
Lets clear the air and try when each of those vital expressions must be used.
We use “Después” and “Antes” in a chronological method.
“Me levanté, después me duché, luego me vestí, más tarde salí de casa.” (I acquired up, then showered, then acquired dressed, then in a while left the home). In this context, “después”, “luego” and “más tarde” are synonyms.
In this sense, “Antes”, is similar factor in reverse.
“Me vestí, pero antes me duché”. (I acquired dressed, however earlier than I showered).
Now let’s check out one other crucial occasion the place we use “Antes” and “Después.”
When referring to a different motion, I’ve to make use of “Antes de” or “Después de” plus (+) Infinitive.
For instance: “Antes de vestirme, me duché” (Earlier than getting dressed, I showered). “Después de vestirme, salí de casa. ” (After getting dressed, I left residence).
Once we use “después de que”, and “antes de que”, we congugate the verb that follows. We normally use this manner after we change the topic.
“Preparé la cena antes de que llegaras” (I ready the dinner earlier than you arrived) / “Siempre preparo la cena antes de que lleguen mis hijos” (I at all times prepare dinner dinner earlier than my youngsters arrive).
Listen right here as a result of that is tough!! In the next case, we have now to make use of the Subjunctive temper, extra particularly the current subjective, when the principal verb is in Current tense (Indicative), and Imperfect subjunctive when the principal verb is up to now tense (Indicative).
“Siempre voy a dormir después de que se duerman los niños” (I at all times fall asleep after the youngsters fall sleep)/ “Laura estuvo muy triste después de que su novio rompiera con ella” (Laura was very unhappy after her boyfriend broke up along with her).
These final makes use of of “Antes” and “Después” can get fairly tough and are geared in direction of extra superior college students. Whether it is too complicated for you, don’t fret, carry on practising the easier methods of utilizing “Antes” and “Después” till you’re extra comfy utilizing the Subjunctive temper.