In in the present day’s Spanish grammar lesson, we are going to cowl the subject of how you can use Después/ Después de que (After) – Antes/ Antes de que (Earlier than) in Spanish. There are numerous issues that confuse newbies when studying Spanish. Conserving observe of every thing you realized is tough to do if you’re not consistently training and placing the language in use. One tough prime for newbie college students is using Después/ Después de que (After) – Antes/ Antes de que (Earlier than).
Lets clear the air and try when each of those necessary expressions must be used.
We use “Después” and “Antes” in a chronological means.
“Me levanté, después me duché, luego me vestí, más tarde salí de casa.” (I received up, then showered, then received dressed, then in a while left the home). In this context, “después”, “luego” and “más tarde” are synonyms.
In this sense, “Antes”, is identical factor in reverse.
“Me vestí, pero antes me duché”. (I received dressed, however earlier than I showered).
Now let’s check out one other crucial occasion the place we use “Antes” and “Después.”
When referring to a different motion, I’ve to make use of “Antes de” or “Después de” plus (+) Infinitive.
For instance: “Antes de vestirme, me duché” (Earlier than getting dressed, I showered). “Después de vestirme, salí de casa. ” (After getting dressed, I left house).
Once we use “después de que”, and “antes de que”, we congugate the verb that follows. We often use this manner once we change the topic.
“Preparé la cena antes de que llegaras” (I ready the dinner earlier than you arrived) / “Siempre preparo la cena antes de que lleguen mis hijos” (I all the time prepare dinner dinner earlier than my youngsters arrive).
Listen right here as a result of that is tough!! In the next case, we’ve got to make use of the Subjunctive temper, extra particularly the current subjective, when the principal verb is in Current tense (Indicative), and Imperfect subjunctive when the principal verb is prior to now tense (Indicative).
“Siempre voy a dormir después de que se duerman los niños” (I all the time fall asleep after the youngsters fall sleep)/ “Laura estuvo muy triste después de que su novio rompiera con ella” (Laura was very unhappy after her boyfriend broke up along with her).
These final makes use of of “Antes” and “Después” can get fairly tough and are geared in the direction of extra superior college students. Whether it is too complicated for you, don’t be concerned, carry on training the easier methods of utilizing “Antes” and “Después” till you’re extra snug utilizing the Subjunctive temper.